Study on-line

Study on-line (294)

A to Z is a collection of resources for Ethiopian's legal profession, students, academics and the public. These links have been collected so that users with an interest in the law and Ethiopia may be able to access the Ethiopian legal information they require more quickly. The site is organized simply into an alphabetical list of law subjects. This link is a very helpful source for students who want to study online as teaching materials written by different university teachers under the sponsorship of Justice and Legal System Research Institute are included in the list. Moreover, Training materials prepared by different Proffessionals under the sponsorship of Federal Justice Organs Professionals Training Centerare also in our list. 

Definition of Public Works Art. 3244 (1) “A contract of public works is a contract whereby a person, the contractor, binds himself in favor of an administrative authority to construct, maintain or repair a public work in consideration of a price”. Unlike concessions, the specific service to be provided is…
Duration of Concession Concessions are contracts of perpetuity. They are perpetual in nature. Still these arrangements are not unlimited by time, thought they cannot limit time. Under normal course of things, durations are regulated by the contract. Just like any other issue, failure to regulate by the contract will invite…
What is concession? In its legal sense, concession is not clear contract so just like any other contract the requirements of the law of contracts should be met. But what makes concession a special contract is its being an administrative contract. With this, all the peculiarities that we tried to…
Cancellation denotes the situation where parties declare the cessation of obligations prematurely. This is done for different reasons. Among other things, parties resort to cancellation when one or both of the parties fail to do what otherwise they ought to do, do what they ought not to do or when…
One of the points where contracts prove to be laws and not mere agreements is upon non performance. Contracts are not mere agreements because upon non-performance they have legal effect- an effect sanctioned and enforced by the law. We speak of non- performance only when the obligations undertaken by the…
The modality of performance is conditioned on the letters and spirits of the contract. This can be gathered from Art.3172 (1). Furthermore, the “unless otherwise agreed” proviso of Art. 3173 stresses on the fact of giving the chance to the parties of an administrative contract in determining the manner of…
Preview Normally performance includes an act of giving, doing or not doing as the case may be in view of the creditor, the creditor’s agents or anyone who is to benefit from under the contract. Performance of a contract under normal course of things extinguishes the obligation. Upon performance the…
Provisions of the law that govern the object of contracts in general require the parties to conclude a contract that has a possible, defined and lawful object. On top of that, Articles 3170 and 3171 deal with lack of object and unlawfulness of object. But within the realms of unlawfulness…
Modalities of Formation Administrative contracts should be concluded following the formality requirements that the law prescribes. Such a provision is available under the General contracts part of the law. This being the rule, some administrative contracts need additional modalities of formation. Accordingly, we have instances when administrative contracts are concluded…
Validity Requirements Consent There is in general no better evidence of the justice of an arrangement than the fact that all persons whose interests are affected by it have freely and with full knowledge consented to it. In the famous maxim of Hobbes ‘‘there is not ordinarily a greater sign…
Formation of Administrative Contracts Legally the life of a contract begins at its formation after parties have consented to be bound by it, if parties have the capacity to legally express their consent and if the object of their contract is succinctly defined, plausible and lawful. [Art. 1678] Short of…
Administrative Contracts and Other Forms of Contracts: General Overview Because of the need to carry out its functions, government, via its branches, will embark upon different activities which inevitably will invite the interplay of its branches and the private sector. These branches other wise known as administrative agencies assist government…
Sources of Administration Law Administrative law principles and rules are to be found in many sources. The followings are the main sources of administrative law in Ethiopia. The Constitution The F.D.R.E constitution contains some provisions dealing with the manner and principle of government administration and accountability of public bodies and…
Definition There is a great divergence of opinion regarding the definition of concept of the administrative law. The is because of the tremendous increase in the administrative process that it makes impossible to attempt any precise definition of administrative law which can cover the entire range of the administrative process.…