Criminal Law Blog

19 Jun
Abstract It is inevitable fact today that one criminal act can inflict upon several victims harm of certain nature. In doing so the criminal act though flowing from the same criminal intention or negligence and violating the same criminal provision may cause the same harm against the rights or interests of more than one person. In such instances the law dictates the liability to be equalled with the numbers of victims though the practice shows divergence among courts and also between prosecutors. 1. Introduction The…
19 Jun
1. ተከሳሽ በሌለበት የወንጀል ክስ ስለመስማት (Trial in absentia) ፅንሰ ሃሳብ ተከሳሽ በሌለበት የወንጀል ክስ መስማት (Trial in absentia) ማለት ተከሳሹ በወንጀል ክሱ በፍርድ ቤት ጉዳዩ በመታየት ላይ የሚገኝ ቢሆንም ተከሳሹ ግን በአካል በፍርድ ቤት ሳይገኝ ጉዳዩ በሌለበት በመታየት ላይ የሚገኝ ማለት ነው፡፡ ይህ አይነቱ የህግ ስረዓት በተለያዩ ሃገሮች የሚተገበር ሲሆን በእኛም ሃገር በወንጀል ሥነሥርዓት ህጉ እና በመገናኛ ብዙሃን የመረጃ ነፃነት አዋጅ ቁጥር 590/2000 ላይ በልዩ ሁኔታ ተደንግጎ ይገኛል፡፡ ተከሳሽ በሌለበት የወንጀል ክስ መስማት ተገቢነቱ መታየት ያለበት ከወንጀል ህጉ አላማ፤ ከፍትህ እና ከሰብዓዊ መብት አንፃር…
19 Jun
Introduction Like many other countries around the globe, Ethiopia has embraced ICTs and ICT based services as key enabler for social and economic development in the country. Various efforts are also underway to significantly increase Internet connectivity speeds and access. But greater bandwidth will not only mean faster and better internet access but also faster and better means to launch cyber-attacks and opens more opportunities for criminals to exploit naïve users. In this article I will try to explore the efforts and initiatives being made…
19 Jun
ከቅርብ ጊዜ ወዲህ በተለያዩ ርዕሰ-ጉዳዮች ላይ የሚወጡ ሕጎች ተከሳሽ የተከሰሰበትን ወንጀል ያመነ ከሆነ ወይም ስለተፈፀመው ድርጊት ስለተባባሪዎቹ ሚና ጠቃሚ መረጃ ከሰጠ ከፍርድ ውሳኔ በፊት ሥልጣን ያለው ክፍል ከክሱ ነፃ ሊያደርገው እንደሚችል ደንግገው ይታያሉ፡፡ በተለይ ድንበር ተሻጋሪ ወንጀሎችን ለመከላከል ሥራ ላይ የዋሉ ስምምነቶችና ተቀባይነት ያገኙ መግለጫዎች በተደራጁ ወንጀሎች ዙሪያ የሚወጡ ሕጎች በተባባሪዎች ላይ በቂ መረጃ የሚሰጥ ተከሳሽን ከክሱ ነፃ የሚደረግበትን ሥርዐት ሊዘረጉ እንደሚገባ ያመለክታል፡፡ እነዚህን መሰል ድንጋጌዎች በወንጀል በቀረበ ክስ ላይ ጥፋተኝነትን ማመንና (Plea of guilt) ለፍርድ ሂደቱ ተባባሪ ሆኖ መገኘት ከወንጀል ተጠያቂነት ነፃ እስከመሆን ሊደርስ…
19 Jun
ፕሬዝደንቱ የስልጣን ጊዜአቸውን ጨርሰው ከሥልጣን ሊወርዱ የወራት ወይም የቀናት ዕድሜ ነው የቀራቸው። ከሥልጣን ከመውረዳቸው በፊት ግን ለወደፊት ሕይወታቸው ገንዘብ ለመሰብሰብ የሚያስችላቸው አንድ አጋጣሚ ከፊታቸው ተደቅኗል። ይህ በሚሊዮን የሚቆጠር ዶላር የሚያስገኝ አጋጣሚ አሁን ባላቸው የፕሬዝዳንትነት ስልጣን ሊያደርጉት የሚችሉት ነገር ነው። ይህ አጋጣሚ “ፕሬዝደንታዊ ይቅርታ” (Presidential pardon) ነው። እስረኛው ይህንን ይቅርታ አግኝቶ ከእስር ከተፈታ የሚከፍለው ገንዘብ እጅግ ብዙ በመሆኑ በሥልጣን ደላላዎች (Power brokers) አማካኝነት ገንዘቡን ተቀብሎ የይቅርታ ሰነዶቹ ላይ ፈረመ። ከላይ ያነበባችሁት ታሪክ ሕግ ነክ ልብወለዶችን በመፃፍ የሚታወቀው John Grisham የተባለው ደራሲ “The Broker” በተሰኘው መፅሃፉ ውስጥ…
19 Jun
Seerrii yakkaa meeshaa dudhaalee hawaasa tokko (adda addaa) kan calaqisiisuu fi tarkaanfachiisuu dha. Yakkii yeroo kamiyyuu hawaasa keessatti uummamuu kan danda’u waan ta’eef kanaan wal-qabate adabbii yakkamtoota irratti fudhatamuun isaa waan haafu miti. Kana taanaan akkaata murtiin adabbii ittiin murtaa’u waliin wal qabatee qabxiilee ka’uu qaban keessaa kaayyoon seera yakka nageenyafi tasgabbii hawaasa eeguuf akka meeshatti kan gargaaru ta’uu isaati. Hawaasicha kan eeguus yakkii akka hin raawwatamne ittisuun yoo ta’uu, kanas karaa ittin galmaan gahu keessaa tokko adabbiidha. Raawwattoonni yakka adabamuun isaanii, yakka biraa raawwachuu…
19 Jun
የኦሮሞ ፌዴራላዊ ዴሞክራሲያዊ ንቅናቄ (ኦፌዴን) ምክትል ሊቀመንበርና የኢትዮጵያ ፌደራላዊ ዴሞክራሲያዊ መድረክ ስራ አስፈፃሚ የነበሩት “ህጋዊ የፖለቲካ ፓርቲን ሽፋን በማድረግ የአሸባሪ ቡድን የሆነው ኦነግ አባል ሆነዋል” በሚል ክስ ተመስርቶባቸው የ8 ዓመት እሥር የተበየነባቸው ሲሆን፤ ይግባኝ ጠይቀው እስሩ ወደ 5 ዓመት ዝቅ ተደርጎላቸዋል፡፡ከ5 ዓመቱ የእስር ጊዜ ውስጥም 3ቱን ዓመት በመጨረሳቸው በአመክሮ ይፈቱ ዘንድ ለማረሚያ ቤቱ ያመለከቱ ሲሆን ማረሚያ ቤቱም ‹አመክሮ መስጠትም አለመስጠትም መብታችን ነው› በማለት እስከአሁን ሊፈታቸው አልቻለም፡፡ ይህም ብዙ ጥያቄዎችን አስነስቷል፡፡አንዳንድ ህጋዊ ሁኔታዎች ስለጉዳዩ፡አመክሮ ምንደር ነው?ሌላውን ትርጉም ትተን የኢትዮጵያ የወንጀል ሕግ ‹በተወሰነ ጊዜ በአመክሮ መፈታት› በሚለው…
19 Jun
Seenaa adabbii yakka yoo ilaalle, adabbiin balleessaa adda addaa hordofuun kennamaa ture baay’ee suukaneessaa fi kaayyoo sirna haqaa yakka hammayyaa irraa kan fagaate ture. Adabbiin haala akkasiin kennamaa ture qajeeltoowwanii fi ulaagaalee seera yakka, mirga dhala namaa fi bulchiinsa sirna haqaa yakka kan hin hordofnee fi gonkumaa sirnaa fi qajeeltoo ittiin hogganamu kan hin qabne ture. Haata’u malee, guddina sirna seeraa adda addaa fi dagaagina gaaffii mirga dhala namaa wajjin qajeeltoowwan seera yakkaa fi adabbiin yakkaas guddachaa dhufaniiru.Seerotni adabbii yakkaas adeemsaan boca qabachaa fi qajeeltoowwan…
17 Jun
The issue of trafficking in persons from and within Ethiopia has become a critical issue of concern for the country. The level of concern is clearly reflected in the increased media coverage of the situation of victims of trafficking as well as the measures taken by the government to address the problem through legislative, policy and programmatic mechanisms. While the current attention to the issue is to be commended, there also appears to be some level of confusion as to what trafficking in persons is.…
15 Jun
የዛሬው ጽሑፍ የሚያጠነጥነው በወንጀል ሕግ ዙሪያ ነው፡፡ የወንጀል ሕግና የኅብረተሰቡ የሞራል አስተሳሰብ የጠበቀ ቁርኝት አላቸው፡፡ በአብዛኛው በኅብረተሰቡ እንደ ኃጢያት ወይም ነውር የሚቆጠሩ ድርጊቶች በወንጀል ሕግም የሚያስጠይቁ ናቸው፡፡ አመንዝራነት፣ ስርቆት፣ ስድብ፣ ግብረሰዶም ወዘተ. ኃጢያት ወይም ነው ብቻ ሳይሆኑ ወንጀልም ተደርገው በወንጀል ሕጉ እንደሚያስቀጡ ተመልክቶ እናገኛለን፡፡ ይሁን እንጂ ኃጢያት ወይም ነውር የሆነ ድርጊት ሁሉ ግን ወንጀል ላይሆን ይችላል፡፡ ዝሙት አዳሪነት ለዓብነት ብንመለከት ድርጊቱ ኃጢያት ወይም ነውር መሆኑ ባያጠያይቅም፣ በወንጀል ሕጋችን በመርህ ደረጃ የወንጀል ኃላፊነት የማያስከትል ድርጊት ሆኖ እናገኘዋለን፡፡ የወንጀልና የኃጢአት ግንኙነት ስፋት እንደ ኅብረተሰቡ የሞራል አስተሳሰብ የሚለያይ …
15 Jun
1 Introduction The attorney-client professional relationship is protected by law in every legal system. The protection conferred to professional privilege serves different purposes. From the human rights protection point of view, confidentiality of information obtained in the course of legal advice or legal proceedings promotes the right to a fair trial, the right to privacy and the right not to incriminate oneself. It protects citizens from arbitrary encroachment of their rights by investigatory authorities. Depending on the legal systems adopted by various countries, the scope…
15 Jun
1. Introduction Distinct from conventional crimes, “organized crime” involves the commission of series crimes by criminal groups. The offences range from the traditional piracy and slave trade to the present day cybercrime and nuclear smuggling. The Italian Mafia, the Chinese Triads, the Colombian drug cartels, the Japan Yakuza and the Nigerian Criminal Groupsare examples of organized criminal groups. Organized criminal groups are booming dramatically throughout the world. Just looking at the known Mafias, there was an increase from 785 in 1990 to 8 000 in…
15 Jun
1. Introduction Globalization is easing border restrictions and increasing travel opportunities. Perpetrators use globalization to avoid prosecution and justice. This problem can be solved by creating international cooperation between criminal justice systems of countries. Among others,Extradition has been used in handling transnational criminal matters. Extradition denotes the process of request made by a state to transfer a fugitive from another for purpose of prosecution. The United Nations Convention against Corruption (UNCAC) provides extradition as one of the devices to be used in the fight against…