About the Law Blog

19 Jun
In 2002, when I was doing my undergraduate degree, our contract law teacher started talking about period of limitation and its effect. I neither had a concept nor an argument about period of limitation under art 1845 of the civil code. I attended the whole class, tried to understand arguments, justifications and ration d’être of the period of limitation. Mulugeta Mengist, in his monograph says that period of limitation is used to ensure certainty and predictability in transactions. Now, with some years of working experience…
17 Jun
የሰው ልጅ ሐሳቡን ለሌላው መግለጽ መጀመሩ ሰዎች የጋራ ባሕርያትን ይዘው ወደ አዲስ ስልጣኔ፤ ወደ አዲስ ሕይወት እንዲወጣ አድርጎታል፡፡ ነገር ግን የዚህ ትስስር ድንበር የለሽ መሆን ጉዳት አለው በማለት፤ በተለያዩ ወቅቶች በተለያዩ ምክንያቶች መረጃን የመለዋወጡ ሂደት ገደብ እንዲኖረው ይደረጋል፡፡ ገደብ እንዲደረግ የሚያስገድዱት ዋነኛ ምክንያቶች ሦስቱን ዋነኛ ተቋማት መጠበቅ በሚል ሐሳብ ስር ይጠቃለል፡፡ እነዚህም ተቋማት ቤተሰብ፣ ቤተ እምነት እና ቤተ መንግሥት ናቸው፡፡ ቤተሰብን መጠበቅ ስንል ቤተሰብ የኅብረተሰብ መሠረት በመሆኑ ቤተሰብን እና ስርዓቱን የሚጎዱ ነገሮች (Obscene) በአደባባይ እንዳይኖሩ ማድረግ ማለታችን ነው፡፡ ቤተ እምነትን የሚያጎድፉ ነገሮችም (Blasphemous) እንዲሁ:: እንዲሁም…
15 Jun
Courts; as one and perhaps as the most tasks of their purposes and responsibilities, engage in rendering a fair and equitable decision among parties in law suit. Decisions of a court can either be criminal or civil nature. If the case brought before the court involves criminal nature, the court will give decision by adhering to the rules and procedure provided under criminal law and criminal procedure respectively. Police or prison administration is an organ entrusted with enforcing court’s decision. However, if the case brought…
15 Jun
The Wednesday’s news report, on Reporter News Paper Amharic version, about insurance companies restricting the commission paid to insurance agents is a dreadful, despicable thing. It shows what happens once a government fails to effectively and successfully to restrain firms. I deliberately make this short essay provocative. I want the concerned parties to sit down and devise a long term plan to regulate unfair competition. Silence from all governmental bodies has a dire consequence in the future; everybody must be wary of its outcome: paralyzing…
24 Mar
ውክልናን የተመለከተው ሕግ በአገራችን በብዛት ስራ ላይ ከሚውሉ የሕግ ክፍሎች አንዱ ነው፡፡ የኢትዮጵያ የፍትህብሄር ሕግ ቁጥር 2199 ውክልናን እንደተረጐመው “ውክልና ማለት ተወካይ የተባለ አንድ ሰው ወካይ ለተባለው ሰው እንደራሴ ሆኖ አንድ ወይም ብዙ ህጋዊ ሥራዎች በወካዩ ሥም ለማከናወን ግዴታ የሚገባበት ውል ማለት ነው” ይላል፡፡ ከትርጉሙ ለመረዳት እንደምንችለው ውክልና የሚደረገው በወካይና በተወካይ መካከል ሲሆን በውክልናው የሚከናወኑት ስራዎች ህጋዊ መሆን አንዳለባቸው ነው፡፡ ይህ ማለት ደግሞ ህጋዊ ባልሆኑ ነገሮች ላይ የሚደረግ ውክልና ተቀባይነት የለውም ማለት ነው፡፡ በሰፊው ስንመለከት ሁለት አይነት ውክልናዎችን እናገኛለን፡፡ እነሱም በፍተሃብሄር ሕግ ቁጥር 2189 ላይ…
09 Jun
In different legal systems of the world, properties are classified into different categories such as personal and real, private and public, movable and immovable, absolute and qualified, corporeal and incorporeal, etc. The distinction between these types of property is significant for a variety of reasons. Firstly, classification ensures the proper application of the law. This is because the legal regime that governs goods depends on their nature and accordingly their legal treatment substantially varies. For instance, one's rights on movables are more attenuated than one's…
09 Jun
A law that that has been in force since 2005 (Federal Courts Proclamation 454/2005) declares that interpretations of law, rendered by the Cassation Division of the Federal Supreme Court (hereinafter referred to as CDFSC), are binding on all federal and state courts. However, according to the same law, this does not prevent the CDFSC from providing a different interpretation in the future. The binding nature of precedents is a fascinating topic. After learning that this was raised in one of the electoral debates in 2010,…
09 Jun
ከሰሞኑ በፌዴራል የመጀመሪያ ደረጃ ፍርድ ቤት ፍቺን በተመለከተ ለየት ያለ ውሳኔ ተሰጥቷል፡: ይህን ውሳኔ ለሕዝብ ይፋ ቢደረግ ጠቃሚ ሃሳብ እንዲሸራሸር ሊረዳ የሚችል ከመሆኑም በላይ ሕጉንም ለመፈተሸ ይረዳል በሚል አስተያየት ለአንባብያን ለማድረስ እሞክራለሁ፡፡ ጉዳዩ ይፋ ቢሆንም ይግባኝ ሊቀርብበት የሚችል በመሆኑ ለጊዜው የግለሰቦችን ስም ተቀይሯል፡፡ የጉዳዩ ዝርዝር ሁኔታውም ከዚህ በታች ባለው መልኩ ተቀምጧል፡፡ አቶ ሀ እና ወ/ሮ ለ 42 ዓመታት በትዳር ቆይተዋል፡፡ ትዳራቸውም የተደላደለ ነበር፡፡ በዚህ ትዳራቸው ጊዜ ውስጥ ልጅ ያልወለዱ ሲሆን አቶ ሀ ግን ከሌላ የወለዱት አንድ ወንድ ልጅ አላቸው፡፡ ከቅርብ ጊዜ ወዲህ አቶ ሀ በእድሜ…