A to  Z

A to Z (295)

A to Z is a collection of resources for Ethiopian's legal profession, students, academics and the public. These links have been collected so that users with an interest in the law and Ethiopia may be able to access the Ethiopian legal information they require more quickly. The site is organized simply into an alphabetical list of law subjects. This link is a very helpful source for students who want to study online as teaching materials written by different university teachers under the sponsorship of Justice and Legal System Research Institute are included in the list. Moreover, Training materials prepared by different Proffessionals under the sponsorship of Federal Justice Organs Professionals Training Centerare also in our list. 

In both criminal and civil proceedings, the law of evidence has a number of purposes. However, due to the different nature of civil and criminal cases, the rules applicable on them may be different. The civil case is one instituted by individual for the purpose of securing redress for a…
The development of the Ethiopian evidence rule is traced back to the ancient days Fitha-Negest, the document which governs the spiritual and secular life the society before the enactments of modern codes. The document contains many provisions dealing about proof and means of proof, for instance it stressed the importance…
There are two major legal systems (legal traditions) in the world.   They are (1) The Anglo - American (or the common law legal system). And (2) The continental or the civil law legal system.   Is there a difference between the two legal systems regarding evidence rules? Some argues…
Is the need for evidence recent development? No, it is not. It is possible to imagine that the need for evidence can be traced back to a time when people started to settle disputes before third parties. You can imagine how people settle disputes before elders of a certain locality.…
1. Evidence Law defined What is evidence law? Before dealing with “evidence law”, it is important to discuss about the concept of “evidence” in general since evidence and law of evidence are two different things. The word “ evidence” is originated from a Latin term “evidentia” which means to show clearly,…
Throughout the history of capitalism, investment has been primarily the function of private business; during the 20th century, however, governments in planned economies and developing countries have become important investors.[1]   Before the 1930, investment was thought to be strongly affected by the growing rate of interest, with the rate…
Law of investment, in general, is a branch of a law consisting of set of rules that regulate investment. Investment law may be either international law on foreign investment or national law. International law on foreign investment may be defined as a set of rules that govern international investment. International…
General In developing countries, the trend is that both inflows and outflows rose in 2005 although trends varied by regions. According to the study conducted by the UN, inflows into and outflows from Latin America and the Caribbean and West Asia rose in 2005. But, only inflows rose in Africa…
Investment may be categorized differently. From the standpoint of an individual, two types of investment may be distinguished: investment in the means of production, and purely financial investment. Both types may provide a monetary return to the investor. However, from the standpoint of the entire economy, purely financial investments appear…
Elements of Investment There are three factors that are considered as elements of investment. a) Reward (return); b) Risk and return; and c) Time [1]   A. Reward   We have seen above that investment is made with the intention to gain profit. Thus, investors, generally, may expend their fund to…
The term ‘investment’ may mean different things in different disciplines and contexts. Thus, it may mean “expenditure to acquire property or assets to produce revenue”.[1] Fisher and Jordan[2] define investment as commitment of funds made in the expectation of some positive rate of return. According to them, the return will…
Laws are categorized into legal systems. What are the major legal systems? Under this part, we will be discussing the criterion employed to distinguish between the common and civil law legal systems, first. In so doing we will define the concept of legal system itself. Further, we will consider the…
Why we need law? What functions does law have in your localities? As the issue of definition of law, there is no agreement among scholars as to the functions of law. Jurists have expressed different views about the purpose and function of law. It is well known that law is…
[Biset Beyene, Introductory Note on Law in General, 2006: 5-10] Different legal theories developed throughout societies. Though there are a number of theories, only four of them are dealt with here under. They are Natural, Positive, Marxist, and Realist Law theories. You may deal other theories in detail in your…