A to  Z

A to Z (296)

A to Z is a collection of resources for Ethiopian's legal profession, students, academics and the public. These links have been collected so that users with an interest in the law and Ethiopia may be able to access the Ethiopian legal information they require more quickly. The site is organized simply into an alphabetical list of law subjects. This link is a very helpful source for students who want to study online as teaching materials written by different university teachers under the sponsorship of Justice and Legal System Research Institute are included in the list. Moreover, Training materials prepared by different Proffessionals under the sponsorship of Federal Justice Organs Professionals Training Centerare also in our list. 

For a proper appreciation of the distinction between criminal law, civil law and morality, it is necessary to understand the “concept of wrongs” and their classification. A wrong is an act forbidden by the society. In other words, it is a violation of rules, which are accepted by the society.…
The definition of a crime has always been regarded as a matter of great difficulty. Where the task of definition is difficult, it is advisable that a student should not address himself to it until he has acquired some considerable knowledge of the subject matter to be defined. Therefore, before…
  As it is remembered, different ways by which contractual obligations can be extinguished have been seen. The last way by which contractual obligation comes to an end is limitation of action. Limitation of action will be discussed, along with prescription and limitation of right.   Under this topic we…
Set off   Set-off is among the grounds by which a contract is extinguished. In this section we will discuss set-off as one way of extinction of obligation. The conditions in which set-off is possible and the conditions in which set-off is not legally allowed will be discussed. The role…
  In addition to invalidation and cancellation, termination is also one way by which obligation is extinguished. Termination of contract is making the contract ineffective starting from the time of termination of the contract. This title discusses termination as one way of extinction of obligation. The overall meaning of termination,…
  An already formed contract creates obligation of proprietary nature among the contracting parties. These obligations rarely exist forever without being extinguished. Sometimes after the formation of the contract, the contractually created obligations extinguish because of different reasons.   Having appreciated the formation and effect of contract, it is worth…
Historical development of contract law This section provides a very brief account of the historical development of contract law. The historical development of contract law can be under stood in terms of the conceptual foundations of obligations, which was traced back to ancient and classical Roman law. However the foundations…
Though the questions ‘what is contract?’ and “what is contract law?” are of paramount importance, it is difficult to give a definitive answer to either. But one may say contract law is most obviously the law relating to agreements or promises. It is primarily concerned with agreements in which one…
The conceptual foundation of obligation traces as far back to ancient Roman law which defines obligation as a means of an undertaking or legally binding relationships where one party promises the other party to perform some acts or to do something. Ancient well-known Roman lawyers defined obligations based on their…
Before contractors, architects and engineers undertake any construction work, they need to be licensed and registered. The requirements for licensing and registration may vary from country to country or from one legal system to the other. In this section, we will look at the requirements for licensing and registration of…
Coming up with a precise definition of a construction contract is a rather difficult task. However, different authors have tried to formulate a universally accepted definition of construction contracts. Generally speaking, a construction contract is one type of ordinary contracts; it’s only different from ordinary contracts in that it deals…
Before looking into the historical background of the construction industry, it is necessary to look at what exactly constitutes the construction industry. In trying to define the construction industry, it may not be easy to come up with a universal definition. This is because of the fact that the definitions…
Introduction The essence of sustainable development has been described as a process of change in which the exploitation of resources, the direction of investment, the orientation of technological development and institutional change are all in harmony and enhance both current and further potential to meet human needs and aspirations. Sustainable…
Democratic theory is based on a notion of human dignity; dignity taking the central and highest value worthy of respect. And adults ought to be endowed with a large degree of political autonomy – a status principally attainable by being able to share in the governance of the state they…