A to  Z

A to Z (295)

A to Z is a collection of resources for Ethiopian's legal profession, students, academics and the public. These links have been collected so that users with an interest in the law and Ethiopia may be able to access the Ethiopian legal information they require more quickly. The site is organized simply into an alphabetical list of law subjects. This link is a very helpful source for students who want to study online as teaching materials written by different university teachers under the sponsorship of Justice and Legal System Research Institute are included in the list. Moreover, Training materials prepared by different Proffessionals under the sponsorship of Federal Justice Organs Professionals Training Centerare also in our list. 

DEFINITION OF LAW Jurists have defined law differently from different point of views. It has been called Dhama in Hindu jurisprudence and “Hukum” in Islamic system. Romans called it jus and in Germany and France, it is called as Recht and Droit respectively [N.V. PARANJAPE; 2001: 133]. Defining the term…
In a very important sense, for the lawyer, each international organization is unique, based as it is on its own constituent document and influenced as its development will be by peculiar political configurations. Thus, labels should never be substituted for analysis, as Brownlie has pointed out. An academic textbook on…
There are a number of different ways in which one can approach the phenomenon of international organization within the world order. The rationalist approach emphasizes the notion of a world order of states that is moving towards the more sophisticated types of order found within states. It is progressive in…
The development of international organizations has been, in the main, a response to the evident need arising from international intercourse rather than to the philosophical or ideological appeal of the notion of world government. The growth of international intercourse, in the sense of the development of relations between different peoples,…
Perhaps the most difficult question to answers, which, in some ways is a preliminary question, is: what exactly is an international organization? The short answer is, quite simply, that we do not know. We may, in most cases, be able to recognize an international organization when we see one, but…
አሰሪና ሰራተኛ ህግ በርካታ ጥቅሞች የሚኖሩት ሲሆን ጠቅለል ተደርገው በሶስት ዋና ዋና ርእሶች ስር ተከፍለው ሊታዩ ይችላሉ፡፡ ከነዚህም ውስጥ የሰራተኛውን ጥቅም ማስከበር ወይም ሰራተኛውን ከአሰሪው አግባብ ያልሆነ ጥቃቶች እና ብዝበዛ መከላከል ቀዳሚው የህጉ ፋይዳ ሲሆን የስራ ግንኙነቱን የሚመለከቱ ህገመንግስታዊ ድንጋጌዎች በተግባር እንዲውሉ ማድረግ እና ኢንቨስትመንትን በማሳለጥ ለእኮኖሚያዊ እድገት እና ልማት…
ትርጉም የአሰሪና ሠራተኛ ህግ በመሰረቱ በአሰሪና በሰራተኛ መካከል በሚደረግ የስራ ውል ላይ ተመስርቶ የሚፈጠሩ ግንኙነቶችን የሚመራ፣ የሚቆጣጠር ህግ ነው ተብሎ ሊገለጽ ይችላል፡፡ አሰሪ እና ሠራተኛ የሚሉት ስያሜዎች ሲታዩ ጠቅለል ያሉ ስያሜዎች ስለሆኑ እንደየሁኔታው የተለያዩ ሕጎችን የሚጠቁሙ ሊሆኑ ይችላሉ፡፡ አንድ ወገን አሠሪ ሌላኛው ወገን ደግሞ ሠራተኛ ሊሆኑበት የሚችሉ በርካታ ዘርፎች ሲኖሩ…
Governments generate large quantities of information. They produce statistics on population, figures on economic production and health, texts of laws and regulations, and vast numbers of reports. The generation of this information is paid for through taxation and, therefore, it might seem that it should be available to any member…
Property institutions fundamentally shape a society. These legal relationships between individuals, different sorts of objects, and the state are not easy to justify. This is especially true of intellectual property. It is diffi­cult enough to determine the appropriate kinds of ownership of corporeal objects (consider water or mineral rights); it…
Natural Right theory: Labour Theory (Locke’s Theory) Property right is a natural right. A person has a right to own the creation of his mind in the same manner he owns creation of his labour. When a person is deprived of what he has created he becomes. At the beginning,…
Intellectual Property in General The division of property as movable and immovable, if it is tangible, was known in Roman law and has been adopted by modern Civil Codes. This kind of classification is also provided under art.1226 of the Civil Code. However, “as a result of the industrial revolution…
Nature of Environmental Problems The protection and improvement of the human environment is a major issue which affects the well-being of people and their economic development throughout the world. Thus, a point has been reached in history when we must shape our actions throughout the world to maintain the natural…
The Sources of Environmental Law Environmental law, being a relatively new field, is largely contained in written texts, although some common law principles and relevant and customary international law is emerging. Governments protect the environment on the basis of their various constitutional and statutory powers to promote the general welfare,…
Law emerges from the cultural traditions and moral and religious values of each society. These traditions and values continue to impact the development of legal norms. In the context of environmental protection, cultures, religions and legal systems throughout the world contain elements that respect and seek to conserve the natural…