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Commercial Law Blog

በዘመናዊ የባንክ አገልግሎት ክፍያን ከሚያሳልጡ አሠራሮች መካከል አንዱ የኤቲኤም ካርድ አገልግሎት ነው፡፡ አንድ የባንክ ደንበኛ በባንኩ ውስጥ በከፈተው ሒሳብ ያጠራቀመውን ገንዘብ ለማውጣት የቁጠባ ሒሳብ ደብተሩን መያዝ፣ የባንክ ባለሙያን ማነጋገር፣ ገንዘብ ወጪ ለማድረግ የሚያስችል ፎርም መሙላት፣ ወረፋ መጠበቅ ወዘተ. አይጠበቅበትም፡፡ በደንበኛውና በባንኩ መካከል በሚፈጸም የኤቲኤም ካርድ አገልግሎት ውል ከባንኩ ካርዱንና የሚስጥር ቁጥሩን በመቀበል ባንኩ በተለያዩ ቦታዎች ካስቀመጣቸው የኤቲኤም ማሽኖች አገልግሎት ማግኘት ይችላል፡፡ በአገራችን ይህ አሠራር በተግባር ላይ ከዋለ የተወሰኑ ዓመታትን ያስቆጠረ ሲሆን፣ በጣም ውሱን ከሆኑ ጀማሪ ባንኮች በስተቀር በሁሉም የግልና የመንግሥት ባንኮች ተፈጻሚ ሆኗል፡፡ የኤቲኤም ካርድን…
Introduction Letter of credit transactions have been developed since the middle Ages in connection with the trade of goods at the international level. Individuals and companies have found themselves dealing with partners of whom they know little, who are located in distant countries with often insecure political and economic situations. Furthermore, the dynamism of the actual economy creates a need for financing that requires a guarantee of payment at a time and for an amount that must be certain. Diversity in geographical nature, weather, climate,…
መግቢያ ቼክ በተግባር በሰፊው ከሚሰራባቸውና በሕግ ከተቀመጡት ንግድ ሰነዶች አንዱና ዋነኛው ነው፡፡ በቼክ ላይ እምነት የሚታጣበት ከሆነ የንግድ ዝውውር ደህንነት (security of transaction) ላይ ሊያሳድር የሚችለው ተፅዕኖ እጅግ ከፍተኛ ነው፡፡ የንግድ ሥራው እያደገ በመጣ ቁጥር በቼክ የሚደረጉ የንግድ ልውውጦች የሚጨምሩ እንደሚሆን የሚታመንና በተግባርም የሚታይ ነው፡፡ የቼክ ዝውውር እየጨረ እንደመጣም መገመት አያዳግትም፡፡ እየጨመረ የመጣውን የቼክን ዝውውር አስተማማኝነት ለማሳደግ ሕጎች ሥርዓቱን ሊቆጣጠሩት ይገባል፡፡ በዚህም መሠረት በእኛ ሀገር የንግድ ሕጉ እና የወንጀል ሕጉ ይህንኑ የቼክ ጉዳይ በዋናነት ይህን ሥርዓት ዘርግተው ይገኛሉ፡፡ ባብዛኛው የቼክ ጉዳይ የሚያከራክር ጉዳይ የሌለበት ቢሆንም…
Traditionally, corporations were responsible only to their owners; and their primary and only objective was profit maximization. Corporations’ responsibility towards the community and the environment in which they operate was overlooked. Hence, Corporations’ responsibility towards the community and the environment which is commonly known as corporate social responsibility is a recent development in the area of corporate governance. Corporate social responsibility, often abbreviated "CSR," is a corporation's initiatives to assess and take responsibility for the company's effects on environmental and social well-being. The term generally…
መያዣ ለአንድ ግዴታ አፈፃፀም ማረጋገጫ የሚሰጥ የንብረት ዋስትና ነው፡፡ ዋና ግዴታ በሌለበት መያዣ ስለማይኖር መያዣ በንብረት ላይ የሚፈፀም ደባል ግዴታ (accessory obligation) ነው፡፡ መያዣ በሚንቀሳቀስ ወይም በማይንቀሳቀስ ንብረት ላይ የሚመሠረት ሲሆን በዚህ ጽሑፍ ምልከታ የሚደረግበት የአክሲዮን መያዣ የሚንቀሳቀስ ንብረት መያዣ /pledge/ በመሆኑ ከማይንቀሳቀስ ንብረት መያዣ ጋር በተገናኘ በንጽጽር ካልሆነ በቀር የሚነሱ ነጥቦች አይኖሩም፡፡ የፍትሐብሔር ሕጋችን ፕሌጅ ከውል የሚመሠረት ግዴታ እንደሆነ ይደነግጋል፡፡ የሕጉ አንቀጽ 2825 የመያዣ ውል ማለት አንድ ባለዕዳ በባለገንዘቡ በኩል የገባውን ግዴታ ለመፈፀም መቻሉን በማረጋገጥ መያዣ ተብሎ የሚጠራውን ዕቃ ለመስጠት የሚገደድበት ውል ማለት ነው…
It is generally agreed amongst the international community, at least in principle, that liberalization of trade and allowing the free movement of goods, services and people, among countries that share common geographic boundaries and states situated at different poles of the earth, is a must. In order to make the liberalization of trade a reality and to ensure the free flow of goods and services, states initiate various types of structures. The Common Market for Eastern & Southern Africa (COMESA) is Africa's largest economic community.…
In an old English case [Richardson v. Melish, 2Bing. 228(251) Court of Common Pleas, England (1824)] Judge Burrough stated that public policy is “unruly horse and once you get astride to it, you do not know where it will carry you.” This judge has sufficient reason for saying public policy is unruly horse: case law and scholars have tried to define public policy; but none succeeded in giving a concise, precise, and short definition. Its concept remains controversial. In English case law from 1853 [Egerton…
This article critically analyzes the share company law provisions of the Ethiopian Commercial Code in light of the OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development) Principles of Corporate Governance. For convenience, it organizes and analyzes the share company law provisions corresponding with the structures of OECD Principles. The article identifies and demonstrates the loopholes and drawbacks of the share company law provisions that should be revisited and updated in light of the relevant OECD Principles of corporate governance. 1.1 Enhancing the Legal and Regulatory Framework…